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100 COMMONLY USED POLITICAL WORDS List of most commonly used political words for FPSC PPSC one paper exam, general knowledge mcqs, synonyms & vocabulary for English mcqs for CSS, PMS, NTS, PTS, OTS and other competitive exams. Useful for the preparation of English portion for the of post Assistant BS-16, Junior Clerk BS-11, Labour Inspector BS-14, Labour Officer BS-16, etc. List of Political Words 1.accusation: an assertion that someone is guilty of a fault or offence 2.acolyte: an assistant to a priest or minister in a liturgical service 3.allegation: a formal accusation against somebody 4.alliance: the state of being…

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Stabilizing prices of essential commodities By Brigadier (retd) Qamar-us-Salam Khan THE promulgation of the Sindh Essential Commodities Price Control and Prevention of Profiteering and Hoarding Ordinance, 2006 is a significant improvement over the outdated Price Control and Prevention of Profiteering and Hoarding Act-1977. Under this Act, 66 commodities are notified as essential commodities but the provincial government is empowered to fix prices of 18 items only. Under this Act, the defunct deputy commissioners are notified as controller of prices in their respective districts. However, no expert/qualified staff has been placed at their disposal to collect, collate and carry out price analysis…

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CELL DIVISION & CELL CYCLE – THE CONTINUATION OF LIFE Life on the earth is due to Cell division & cell cycle. Different phases of Cell division & Cell Cycle are described below: ·       The earth is teeming with countless living cells.  ·       You have 100 trillion cells in your body alone. ·       They are …. you. ·       Cell comes in all sizes and shapes.  ·       They perform thousands of different tasks in the life forms of earth. ·       They work together to form the tissues of all living things. ·       But cell don’t live forever. Eventually they die. ·  Fortunately,…

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Dangers of Imperfect Democracy Dangers of imperfect democracy is written by Prof. Col (r) M. Zahur-ul-Haq, Pakistan Movement Gold Medalist. The writer has  focused on the different aspects of democracy and highlighted the role of dictatorship in this essay.  “Democracy cannot succeed unless those who express their choice are prepared to choose wisely. The real safeguard of democracy, therefore, is education.” Franklin d Roosevelt Abstract of Essay In a perfect democracy dictatorship is not possible. Dictatorship strikes under conditions of imperfect democracy when political circumstance so the state worsen beyond repair. With feudalism at the helm of affairs the advent of…

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Most frequently used words with synonyms s – z for vocabulary building for CSS, PMS, NTS, PST, PPSC & FPSC tests and other exams. List Synonyms S – Z   Word – S 1.     sad melancholy, sorrowful, doleful, woebegone, desolate 2.     same identical, selfsame, very [DIFFERENT] 3.     sarcastic ironic, caustic, satirical, sardonic 4.     satiate sate, cloy, glut, gorge, surfeit 5.     satisfy answer, fill, fullfil, meet 6.     save rescue, reclaim, redeem, deliver 7.     saying maxim, adage, saw, motto, epigram, proverb, aphorism 8.     scatter disperse, dissipate, dispel 9.     scold upbraid, berate, revile, vituperate, rail 10.scream shriek, screech 11.secret stealthy, covert, clandestine, furtive,…

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Most frequently used words with synonyms m – r for vocabulary building for CSS, PMS, NTS, PST, PPSC & FPSC tests and other exams. List Synonyms M to R Word – M 1.            makeshift expedient, resort, stopgap            2.            male masculine, manlike, manly, manful, virile, mannish 3.            malign defame, traduce, vilify, asperse, slander, calumniate, libel 4.            malleable ductile, plastic, pliable, pliant 5.            manipulate exploit, maneuver 6.            mark brand, label, tag, ticket 7.            mature age, develope, ripen 8.            meager spare, sparse, skimpy, scanty, scant 9.            mean denote, import, signify 10.        mean low, base, abject, ignoble, sordid…

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Most frequently used words with synonyms f – l for vocabulary building for CSS, PMS, NTS, PST, PPSC & FPSC tests and other competitive exams. List F to L       Word – F  1.          face countenance, kisser, mug, pan, physiognomy, puss, visage 2.          fair just, equitable, impartial, unprejudiced, unbiased, objective, dispassionate 3.          faithful loyal, true, constant, fast, steadfast, staunch 4.          faithless unfaithful, false, disloyal, traitorous, treacherous, perfidious, recreant 5.          familiar close, intimate, confidential, chummy 6.          fanatic zealot, enthusiast 7.          fantastic bizarre, grotesque, fanciful, exotic 8.          fashion style, mode, vogue 9.          fashionable chic, dashing, in, modish, posh, sharp,…

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Most frequently used words with synonyms c – e for vocabulary building for CSS, PMS, NTS, PST, PPSC & FPSC tests and other exams. Word – C 1.          cadge beg, bum, mooch, panhandle 2.          calculate compute, reckon, cipher, figure 3.          call convene, convoke, muster, summon 4.          calm tranquil, placid, serene, halcyon, peaceful 5.          campaign crusade, drive, push 6.          caprice whim, whimsy, vagary, freak 7.          care charge, custody, keeping, supervision, trust 8.          careful heedful, mindful, observant, watchful 9.          careless heedless, thoughtless, inadvertent 10.      caress cuddle, fondle, pet 11.      caricature burlesque, parody, travesty, satire, lampoon 12.      casuistry fallacy, sophistry, spuriousness, speciousness, sophism…

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Most frequently used words with synonyms a – b for vocabulary building for CSS, PMS, NTS, PST, PPSC & FPSC tests and other exams. LIST – A 1.          ability capacity, faculty, talent, skill, competence, aptitude 2.          abolish exterminate, extinguish, extirpate, eradicate, obliterate 3.          abstinence self-denial, temperance, sobriety, continence 4.          abstracted absorbed, distraught, absent-minded 5.          abuse misuse, mistreat, ill-treat, maltreat 6.          accidental fortuitous, contingent, incidental, adventitious 7.          accompany conduct, escort, chaperone 8.          acknowledge admit, own, avow, confess, concede 9.          active energetic, dynamic, vigorous, lively 10.      adapt accommodate, adjust, conform, fit, reconcile 11.      admonish reprove, rebuke, reprimand, reproach 12.      adulterate debase, doctor,…

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WOMEN EMPOWERMENT IN PAKISTAN               Since the creation of Pakistan in 1947, Pakistan inherited the menace of poverty. The burden of this poverty was put heavily on the female population which is 50% of the total population of Pakistan. On the top of it, women were neglected and under-nourished. All the governments had tried in one form or the other for women empowerment or to develop the women but could not make a very happy progress because of various reasons.             Today the present government is committed and…

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English Precis Writing Rules (Precis & Composition) Precis writing definition: “A precis is a brief, original summary of the important ideas given in a long selection. Its aim is to give the general effect created by the original selection.” Precis writing is a concise summary that forsakes all unnecessary details (including illustrations, amplifications, and embellishments) in favor of reproducing the logic, development, organization and emphasis of the original. Precis writing aims at intelligent reading and clear, accurate writing. It is a skill of both analysis and genesis that critically questions every thought included and excluded, each word used to express…

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ENGLISH IDIOMS FROM ALPHABET R TO Z  Idioms in fact, evolve the language and they are the building blocks of a language and civilization as well they have great intensity to make a language interesting and dynamic. Idioms bring the spectacular illustration to the speech. They provide interesting insights into Essay Writing, languages and thought processes of their speakers. Idioms can be useful for Essay writing for the competitive exams including CSS/ PMS, one paper exam conducted by PPSC, FPSC posts etc. ENGLISH IDIOMS  ALPHABET R   1.        Raincheck:  An offer or deal that is declined right now but willing…

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ENGLISH IDIOMS ALPHABETS I TO Q            Idioms in fact, evolve the language and they are the building blocks of a language and civilization as well they have great intensity to make a language interesting and dynamic. Idioms bring the spectacular illustration to the speech. They provide interesting insights into Essay Writing, languages and thought processes of their speakers. Idioms can be useful for Essay writing for the competitive exams including CSS/ PMS, one paper exam conducted by PPSC, FPSC posts etc. ENGLISH IDIOMS ALPHABET I 1.     Icing On The Cake:  When you already have it good and get something…

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ENGLISH IDIOMS STARTING ALPHABETS F to H Idioms in fact, evolve the language and they are the building blocks of a language and civilization as well they have great intensity to make a language interesting and dynamic. Idioms bring the spectacular illustration to the speech. They provide interesting insights into Essay Writing, languages and thought processes of their speakers. Idioms can be useful for Essay writing for the competitive exams including CSS/ PMS etc. IDIOMS LIST F 1.          Feeding Frenzy: An aggressive attack on someone by a group.  2.          Field Day:  An enjoyable day or circumstance.   3.          Finding Your Feet: To become…

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Idioms in fact, evolve the language and they are the building blocks of a language and civilization as well they have great intensity to make a language interesting and dynamic. English Idioms Vocabulary bring the spectacular illustration to the speech. They provide interesting insights into Essay Writing, languages and thought processes of their speakers. Idioms can be useful for Essay writing for the competitive exams including CSS/ PMS etc. This list contains the most used English Idioms A to E.  ENGLISH IDIOMS LIST A 1.A Bird In The Hand Is Worth Two In The Bush:  Having something that…

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